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Carnation: How to grow Carnation? [Guide]

carnation flowers

Carnations are often used as cut flowers in bouquets and centerpieces. Anyone who has ever received a carnation bouquet, boutonniere, or corsage can relate to this. A kind of dianthus, carnations are often known as pinks because of their wide spectrum of pink, red, coral, and white colors in their natural state.

Holidays such as St. Patrick’s Day and Easter call for special colorings, and white carnations have regularly colored in a variety of shades. Flower arrangements may be made using true carnation plants since they have an irregular look that stands out and a spicy, somewhat clove-like aroma that many people like.

Carnation

According to ancient Greek literature, the dianthus has indeed been commonly farmed for over two thousand years. According to some botanists, it may have come from someplace in the Mediterranean region. Dianthus means “divine flower” in Greek, while “carnation” is Latin for “crown” or “garland” in the same language.

Watch Web story: Carnation Flowers: Growing and Caring Tips


Carnation Care

Dianthuses are quite simple to cultivate and maintain. As a result, Dianthus Calophyllum is not as cold-resistant as other dianthus cultivars that thrive in USDA hardiness zones 7 to 10. Despite its reputation as a small life span perennial, dianthus may last for many years under the correct circumstances.

Their brilliant colors and ease of seasonal maintenance make them an excellent option for a cottage garden. In order to ensure reblooming later in the season, deadhead them once their initial bloom has occurred. Natural mulches are preferable to dyed mulches. Rabbits may love munching on the leaves of carnations, which are deer-resistant.

Carnation care

Soil

Carnations need well-drained, alkaline soil, commonly known as “sweet” soil, in order to grow well. Soil that is more alkaline has calcium, magnesium, and salt contents that are somewhat greater. When planting carnations, if your soil is acidic, adding a little lime can help them get off to a good beginning.

Sunlight

Carnations are best grown in full sun, although they may also be grown in partial shade. Carnations with brightly colored petals may fade if they are exposed to too much intense afternoon sunlight. If at all feasible, place your plant where they will get morning light rather than afternoon sun to keep their blooms looking vibrant.

Spay Water

However, Dianthus Calophyllum needs constant watering in the spring while its flower buds are growing in order to thrive. During the hottest months of the year, they may benefit from a little additional hydration.

Avoid watering onto the plant and directly water. At the root of the plant. Be cautious not to overwater, since this might cause yellowing foliage or drooping or falling petals in your flowering plants.

Weather

Carnation flowers like a warm climate, but they fade in too much heat. Low humidity is ideal for them. However, in really hot conditions, a little spray of cold water might provide some relief.

Prune the plant

Plants should be pruned around a month after they are first planted. Make your pruning cut such that the stem has five sets of leaves. Using the same procedure, you may pinch new shoots as they emerge. Bushy plants with numerous shoots are the result of this technique, and more flowers are produced as a result of this. Remove all except the two strongest stems from the main stem of each plant if you want greater blooms.

Remove wasted flowers from the plant when it has finished blooming. As a result, illness is less likely to form on fading petals and transmit to healthy parts of the plant. Perennial dianthus may benefit from a second flush of blossoms by being gently sheared after the petals fade.

Toxicity

Carnation is one of the most beautiful toxic plants. If carnation leaves are swallowed by cats, they may cause vomiting and/or diarrhea, which is moderate poisoning. If your cat has consumed a large amount of the plant, it may vomit many times. Vomiting might cause minor dehydration and a lack of appetite, although these symptoms should subside within a few hours after the vomiting. Water should be accessible at all times.

A cat’s lips may get red or swollen if it consumes carnations, which contain components that cause moderate skin irritation. Consult your veterinarian if more severe symptoms are observed or if your cat is still not feeling better after 8 hours. Symptoms of carnation poisoning in dogs include rashes and intestinal issues.

Harvesting

For spray varieties with several flowers on a stalk, just one or two blooms should be open while picking carnations.  The optimum time to pick is after the dew has evaporated in the morning or in the early evening.

Recut the stems underwater and store them in cold water overnight after harvesting. This method is called the Conditioning of flowers. After a few hours, the stems will have absorbed all of the water and be ready to use.

Place your carnations in the vase the next morning. Underwater, re-cut stems if necessary. Flower preservatives may extend the life of a bouquet of flowers for up to two weeks in the vase.


Carnations and dianthus

Carnations and dianthus are Floral relatives, both belong to the same genus or group of plants. Dianthus caryophyllus is the scientific name for the long-stemmed carnations you find in a florist’s store. Perennial carnations or border carnations refer to the shorter-stemmed dianthus varieties.

Carnation and dianthus

Carnation varieties: Whenever it refers to carnation seeds, Johnny’s Selected Seeds offers the Chabaud line (above). The carnation in question is a 1904 French heritage fragrant variety. Plants may reach heights of 24 to 30 inches. White, soft yellow, pink, lavender, and crimson are among the flower hues.

Kinds of Dianthus: Unlike florist carnations, dianthus variants often have smaller blooms and shorter stems (Dianthus caryophyllus). Flowers of the Dianthus species have a clove-like aroma.

Border carnations: This is a kind of perennial carnation classified as a short-lived perennial, which normally grows for two to three years. The stems, which may reach a height of 4 to 18 inches, create excellent cut flowers. Carnations planted in pots will do well with this kind as well.

Sweet William: As another spring-flowering perennial, sweet William self-seeds easily in the garden. In beds where it is allowed to grow to seed, it will develop a dependable color display. Rockin’ Red dianthus, for example, is a new kind that grows tall enough to be cut.

Pinks: This is a smaller carnation that blooms in the spring and is commonly cultivated as a biennial. Plants may quickly establish themselves in a garden bed because of their ability to self-seed. Carnations may be grown in pots using pinks.


How to Grow Carnations from Seed

Carnations

  • Selecting cultivars that are appropriate for your growth zone is important if you wish to start carnations from seed. 
  • Start 6 to 8 weeks before your area’s last frost date inside in a sunny window. Sow the seeds in potting soil, then gently cover the seeds with earth. 
  • A mist sprayer may keep the plants well-hydrated, and plastic can be used to build a greenhouse effect. 
  • Within three days after planting, seedlings should sprout. 
  • Before transferring them outdoors, wait until they have at least 4 to 5 inches of growth before putting them in their pots. 
  • Sowing carnations outside once the frost season is through is another option, but there is little chance they will bloom the first year. 
  • Do it only if you live in a USDA 6 or above growth zone, in order to ensure that the plants will be able to survive the winter.

How to grow Carnation from cut flowers

Fringe flowers may be grown from stem cuttings.
To progress:

  • Cut the plant’s stems to a length of five to six inches.
  • Gardening shears are used to cut the stem. The plant will be permanently damaged if you attempt to rip or break the stem cutting.
  • There should be few leaves and no flowers on the cutting.
  • Remove leaves from the bottom half of the stem cutting.
  • Rooting hormone may be sprayed on the cutting end to encourage root development. However, this is optional.
  • In a medium-sized container, place the stem cutting which is adequate Drainage holes.
  • Potting mix soil should be used to fill the pot. Use well-drained soil that is rich with nutrients.
  • Make the soil wet by spraying it with water and place where the pot gets indirect sunlight.
  • Because the roots have not yet formed, avoid placing the container in direct sunlight. Placing it in direct sunlight will harm its development.
  • Roots take between 20 and 30 days to form in the plant. You can say it is growing when it begins to produce new growth.
  • Regularly water the cutting, but don’t overdo it.

FAQ

What is a carnation flower good for?

Carnation is used to relieve muscular spasms and to promote heart health, amongst other benefits. Hair loss and muscle soreness may also be alleviated by using this product. When it comes to fighting depression, studies show that drinking carnation tea does wonder. Diarrhea may be relieved with carnation tea.

Are Carnations Easy To Grow?

Yes! Carnations are one of the simplest flowers to cultivate, making them an excellent choice for anybody just getting started in the yard and seeking something simple.

Do Carnations Come Back Every Year?

Yes! Your carnation plant will blossom each year if the circumstances are ideal.

When Do Carnations Bloom?

Late spring to early summer is prime time for carnations to bloom. Another reason for their popularity as a garden accent is that their flowering period may continue up to eight weeks.

Can Carnations Grow In Pots?

Yes, without a doubt! Carnations are a terrific way to bring a dash of color to an otherwise drab interior environment. Just make sure they get enough sunshine, drainage, and water.

Do You Need To Cut Off The Flowers After Blooming?

By removing the old carnation blooms, nutrients and water may be better used for new development.


How To Press Carnations?

Carnation

The flower-pressing community loves carnations. When they are squeezed, their layers of brilliantly colored petals come to life. There’s no need for a fancy flower press or even a stack of books to preserve these beautiful blossoms.

When pressing your carnation flower, make sure the stem is facing down so that you may even out the petals before adding a bit of paper over the top. Ensure that your press is kept in a cold, dry location for at least 3 weeks to allow the petals to dry out.

Carnations may be dried in the microwave to save you time if you’re short on time and need a gift for an upcoming birthday or anniversary. Then monitor it for 30 seconds at a time to see whether it’s dry enough.

They have a long history and are adored by flower aficionados around the world for their vibrant and varied colors. The cherry on top? Adding these flowers to your flower garden doesn’t even need any experience with gardening. It’s really that simple.