Dahlias bloom at the end of the season. A wide variety of colors and designs are available in a wide range of sizes and flower types from midsummer until the first frost.
Flowers may be as little as grapefruit or as large as a plate atop a six-foot-tall shrub. There are several varieties of dahlias, but they all have tall upright stems that allow the flowers to stand out.
Originally from Mexico and Central America, the dahlia family has more than 20,000 cultivars and 30 species, making it a popular choice for both florists as well as plant breeders. Pet owners should exercise caution since this flower is poisonous to both dogs and cats.
Only in tropical areas is this plant a native perennial, and in zones lower than 8 its is considered an annual. Many modern cultivars of Dahlias, on the other hand, are more dependable and easy to grow than their predecessors.
How to Grow and Care for Dahlia flower
Dahlia tubers may be put outside after the last frost if the soil temperature has warmed up enough for them to do so. However, in most regions, they are too delicate to be left in the soil all winter long. Annual dahlias must be dug out and stored inside for the winter before being replanted in the spring. 8 to 10 weeks after planting, the plants are ready to blossom.
Dahlia flower Care
It’s rather simple to cultivate the most stunning dahlias that you’ve ever seen. The tubers, not the bulbs, used to grow dahlias allow you to start them inside in the early spring and move them outside after the threat of frost has gone.
The tubers may be planted right outside in the spring, or you can wait till the ground has warmed up a little before doing so. Depending on the cultivar, plant roots 2 to 6 inches deep.
Larger cultivars should be placed at least three feet away from each other, while lesser kinds should not be closer than 12 inches apart. Plant tubers in full light, water them often and fertilize them as soon as new growth begins.
Once the tubers have grown and produced branches, it is necessary to pinch off the tops of dahlias just once. Count to three sets of branches and then top the stem above the tallest set of branches, if necessary.
To stimulate the plant to produce additional flowers, you might use this trimming technique. Within a few months, you’ll be able to enjoy a landscape full of vibrant, enormous, and eye-catching flowers. To keep the plant looking clean and to stimulate new blooms, make careful to remove any fading blossoms.
Dahlias need at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight each day to blossom profusely. As a rule of thumb, if you live in a climate that falls between USDA zones 8 and higher, this plant will flourish from afternoon shade.
Dahlias appreciate well-drained, rich, loamy soil that is rich in organic content. Add sand, peat moss, or compost to your garden soil if it tends to be thick clay. This will help the soil drain easier. Soil with a neutral pH of approximately 6.5 is ideal for growing dahlias.
Dahlia tubers should be planted in the spring and then let grow naturally until sprouting happens. Only water dahlia tubers when new growth is visible. They won’t need any water until their root system is fully established.
Dahlias should be watered once or twice a week after they’ve sprouted. Ensure to water thoroughly, since tubers that are six inches deep may need to be watered more often.
The soil may need to be watered more regularly if the summers are very hot and dry. It is important to keep an eye on both temperature and humidity.
For dahlias to thrive in cold soil, they must be planted at the right time. Wait until the ground temperature reaches 60 degrees Fahrenheit before planting.
The quickest way to get your tubers started is to grow them in pots inside, possibly in a garage or greenhouse. Once the threat of frost has gone, it is safe to put them outside. Indoor storage of tubers over the winter should have some humidity to prevent them from drying out and shrinking.
Temperature and humidity
It is important to keep an eye on both temperature and humidity. For dahlias to thrive in cold soil, they must be planted at the right time. Ground temperatures must reach 60 degrees Fahrenheit before you plant your seedlings.
This means that the more nourishment you give your Dahlias, the larger they will grow and, therefore, the more blooms they will produce. To encourage flowering, use a fertilizer with a high phosphorus content (possibly a 10-30-20 ratio).
Please refer to the product’s packaging for the correct serving size. Use one with low nitrogen content. Too much nitrogen results in a lot of foliage, but not many flowers.
Stop feeding your plant at the end of August if you want to dig and keep your tubers throughout the winter. As you ready the tubers for dormancy, you don’t want to stimulate any more development.
Types of Dahlias
Dahlias appear in an infinite variety of patterns, textures, and hues. The following are a couple of my favorite types in terms of form and bloom pattern:
- The pink Dahlia ‘Pianella’ is known as a “cactus dahlia” because of its long, coiled petals and double-flowering appearance (like a cactus).
- With its brilliant color and wide, flat petals, the Dahlia “Kelvin Floodlight” is a standout. This flower is a “decorative informal” because the petals are arranged asymmetrically.
- Dahlia’s Magenta Star – which has just one row of petals that overlap slightly, takes on a whole different appearance than its fuller counterparts. Named for both its colors and look, this one in particular.
- Dahlia ‘Moor Place,’ – a beautiful red variety, is known as a “pompom dahlia” because of its compact, double flowers. This flower has a pompom-like appearance because of its spherical and tightly wrapped petals.
Propagating Dahlias flower
Cuttings or overwintering tubers may be used to propagate dahlias. To propagate cuttings from tubers, you must wait for them to sprout in the spring.
By splitting your dahlia tubers, you may get a head start on the growing season before the weather becomes warmer outside. Your plants will be completely grown by summer, which means they may blossom sooner than usual. More plants and blossoms are the result of splitting your tubers before planting.
You can propagate dahlias either from cuttings or from overwintered tubers. Propagating from cuttings requires waiting until your tubers sprout in the spring.
However, you can get a jump start on the growing season by dividing your dahlia tubers and planting them in containers indoors, before outdoor temperatures warm up. Come summer, your plants will be fully mature and mayflower earlier. Plus, dividing your tubers before planting yields more plants and, ultimately, more flowers.
How to propagate dahlias from tubers:
- Take a shovel, lawn shears or pruners, vermiculite and peat potting soil, big growth pots, and a 5-gallon bucket.
- Add water to a bucket and mix soil and peat together until the earth is barely moistened.
- The dirt should be divided among numerous pots. (While developing a root system and sprouting, it is critical that tubers have wet soil.)
- Sift through a whole pile to discover those that have eyes; if this isn’t possible, place the pile somewhere warm and wet for several days until the eyes expand or grow.
- Remove the tubers from the cluster by cutting them from the neck. The number of tubers you may extract from each clump depends on the size of the group.
- Each container needs to have a hole dug in the soil so that water can get in (2 to 3 inches deep for small tubers, and six to seven inches deep for larger ones).
- If you’re planting clusters of tubers, place them straight and vertically in the planting hole, at least one inch of dirt covering last year’s stem.
- Make sure the soil never totally dries up while the tubers are sprouting in a sunny window. After three pairs of branches emerge, pinch off the top of the plant.
- Plant dahlias 3 to 4 feet apart for bigger flowers and 2 to 3 feet between rows as the earth warms up in late April.
How to propagate dahlias from cuttings:
- Gather a pair of scissors, alcohol pads, rooting hormone powder, potting soil, and a 4-inch container.
- Wait until your tubers have sprouted and grown at least three inches tall before planting. After that, use the alcohol pads to disinfect your knife.
- Allow it to dry out before moving on with your day.
- Next, create a small hole in the tuber directly below the sprout.
- Trim the bottom leaves by placing your cutting on a firm surface and laying it down. Poke three or four tiny holes along the pot’s edge after filling the pot with potting soil.
- Using a hormone powdered cutting end, insert it into the hole and then backfill it with dirt. Repeat this process with additional holes and cuts.
- Place the pot in a sunny location once it has been drained of water.
- Keep the soil well-watered.
- If everything goes according to plan, your cuttings should begin to root in two to three weeks.
- Using the appropriate spacing, put them outside in your garden when the weather is warming up.
Also Read: How to grow Beautiful Peonies
How to Grow Dahlias From Seed
Dahlias may be produced from seeds bought at your garden center. or from seeds gathered from previous year’s plants.
To do so, firstly, fill a seedling tray with seed starting mix and plant seeds inside, straight into this medium, four to five weeks before the final frost.
Move the dish to a sunny place and maintain the soil wet. Once sprouted, allow the seedlings to produce one true set of leaves before transferring each sprout into its own cell or small pot; maintain the soil wet. Once outside soil temperatures attain 65 to 70° F, transfer the seedlings immediately onto an outside flower garden.
Potting and Repotting
It’s best to cultivate dahlias in larger pots if you’re doing so. Use a container with a depth and width of at least 12 inches as a general guideline. There is no need to report dahlias in pots this size throughout the growing season. Your plants will thrive if you let them grow outdoors in the summer and stake the stems so they don’t tip over. Compact dahlia cultivars, on the other hand, take up less room.
- Dig up and store Dahlia tubers for the winter in most regions.
- Once the first severe frost has arrived, choose the healthiest plants in your garden, and then trim the plant down to just 4 inches above the ground.
- Dig the tubers up after one week in the ground.
- Each root ball should be dug up at least one foot away from the main stem in order to avoid damaging the stem.
- Remove the tubers gently, be careful not to harm them, and thoroughly clean them.
- A site that is protected from cold and sunlight is ideal for drying the root ball. It’s at this time that you may either bag up and store the root ball or carefully separate the tubers and store them separately.
- Temperatures between 40 and 50 degrees Fahrenheit are ideal for storing tuber pots, crates, or bags. Just make sure you don’t let them freeze in a basement or root cellar.
Common Pests & Plant Diseases
Slugs, earwigs, caterpillars, and thrips are all big fans of dahlias, as are many other common pests. Pests like slugs may be particularly troublesome in spring when the foliage is still young and vulnerable.
Pests like slugs may be particularly troublesome in spring when the foliage is still young and vulnerable. Slugs are seldom an issue after the plants have matured.
Dahlias have been a problem for some gardeners, while others say the deer avoid them.
Dahlias have been a problem for some gardeners, while others say the deer avoid them. Your garden’s diversity of other nibbles may determine this. To be on the safe side, protect your flowers.
Dahlias are susceptible to powdery mildew and other fungus-related ailments. Plants need adequate air circulation, therefore keep the leaves of your plants as dry as possible.
Neem oil or a similar natural remedy may be used to cure an infection if you become aware of one.
How to Get Dahlias to Bloom
Use stakes and rope to hold your dahlias upright so that they can produce their greatest flowers.
Dahlias need to be fertilized every two weeks to ensure a steady supply of blooms. Flowering and robust stems may be ensured by using an organic fertilizer rich in phosphorus.
Dahlia beds, particularly those with huge varieties, need enough water, so be sure to keep the soil wet by mulching the bottom of the bed.
Finally, after the blooms have faded, be careful to deadhead your plants. To stimulate new blooming, quickly remove dead flowers.
Common Problems with Dahlias
Dahlia beds with poor drainage and heavy soil might develop stem rot as a result of overwatering or poor drainage in general.
Avoid this by amending your soil before planting and never allowing water to stay in your garden beds.. Dahlias also appear to collapse over and wilt in the heat of a mid-summer day, according to this observation.
Plants have a method of dealing with stress and this is one of them. When the sun sets, your dahlias should begin to grow again if the soil is wet.
When and how should I harvest my dahlia flowers?
Dahlia flowers may be collected when they are almost completely opened since they do not open much further after being cut. Don’t be afraid to sacrifice a few little side shoots to get the longest stems possible. As a result of harvesting, the plant produces additional flowers and branches, therefore clips lengthy stems to stimulate growth.
How do you keep a cut dahlia arrangement fresh?
Flowers should be cut in the morning when the air is cooler and water levels are high to produce a long-lasting arrangement. When you’re done cutting the stem, bring it inside and immerse it in 2 or 3 inches of lukewarm water (not boiling). Freshwater should be added to the vase or container to keep the flowers looking their best.
What colors do dahlias come in?
Over 20,000 different types of dahlias are available to choose from in over 30 different species, so there’s a dahlia for every taste. You can expect any color of dahlias except for black, blue, and green.
Does dahlia come back every year?
If you give them a little Care, the underground tubers will continue to grow and thrive for years.