Today you learn how to grow beautiful evening primrose plant in your garden.
Oenothera is a native flower of America. It is a genus of about 145 species of herbaceous flowering plants.
Commonly it is called Evening primrose, Evening star, and Sundrops.
They attract beautiful butterflies, bees and particularly moths.
|Common Name||evening primrose, evening star, sundrops|
|Scientific Name||Oenothera biennis|
|Life span||2 years|
|Mature Size||6 feet|
|Sun Exposure||full-sunlight and light shade|
|Soil Type||Average and well-drained|
|Soil pH||5.5 to 6.0|
|Bloom Time||late spring to late summer|
|Flower Color||Yellow, white, purple, pink, or red|
|Hardiness Zones||8 to 10|
|Native Area||Eastern and central North America |
Evening primrose flowers
It is known for its beauty and has large, goblet-like flowers that grow with four petals and have yellow, white, or pink color.
It’s leaves form a circle in the base of the stem at ground level and spiral up to the flowering stems.
Many species of flowers are open in the evening (may take a minute), hence named as “evening primrose“.
Most species have yellow flowers, but few species have white, purple, pink, or red.
Most native desert species are white.
A species of western North America called “Oenothera caespitosa”, produces white flowers that turn pink with age.
One of the most typical features of the flower is the stigma, which has four branches in an X shape.
Once planted for its adorable roots, evening primrose (Oenothera) is now often grown for its omega-6-containing seeds.
Oenothera is also known as coffee plant, the golden candlestick, and a host of other nicknames – can be biennial, annual, or perennial.
The plant reaches a height of 6 feet and a width of 24 inches.
Traditionally, the native Americans used the plant for treating bruises and it’s the root for treating hemorrhoids.
Today, the plant is oil pressed to make a capsule which helps in conditions such as eczema, rheumatoid arthritis, premenstrual syndrome, and osteoporosis.
Oenothera oils contain gamma-linolenic acid (a type of omega-6 fatty acid) which helps to regulate blood pressure and to keep the immune system functioning well.
Common evening primrose (Oenothera biennis L) can grow about 6 feet tall and can produce leafy stalks the first year.
Then in the second year adorned by large lemon yellow flowers.
You can find seed on Amazon.
Mexican evening primroses (O. Berlandieri), on the other hand, spread endlessly.
This variety only gets 8 inches in height.
This plant will grow in infertile (unproductive) soil, with minimum water and full sun.
They are native to Missouri, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, and Mexico,
Evening primrose ‘showy’ (O. speciosa) also blooms in the heat and doesn’t require much water.
It displays pink, pale lavender, or white and pink flowers and grows 18 to 24 inches tall.
Pale evening primrose (O. pallida), is a low-growing biennial native to the western United States.
You can buy seed via Amazon.
Tip : Always deadhead (cut or trim dry parts) for more blooms.
Evening primroses plant is most adaptable and depending upon their varieties, they can grow well in full-sunlight and light shade.
This plant looks lovely in grouping and spread like a groundcover.
They need well-drained soil and can tolerate high pH levels.
It will do well with the soil that has been mixed with some organic matter.
Most of the species do not need much water, require little watering.
Naturally, evening primrose flowers are pollinated by insects like bees and moths.
Like many other species, their pollen grains are also loosely held by viscin threads.
So, insects can effectively pollinate the flower.
Unfortunately, the Evening primrose plant is a tasty treat for Lygus bugs and leafhoppers, as well as Japanese beetles.
Some gardeners plant them to trap Lygus bugs, leafhoppers, as well as Japanese beetles.
to protect more desirable plants like roses.
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