Asiatic jasmine is a fast-growing evergreen plant commonly used as ornamental and houseplant. Jasmine plant perfumes the air in the springtime with its fragrant flowers.
This plant is easy to grow with basic care. Some of its varieties make attractive additions to hanging plants.
In this post, I have written everything you need to know before growing Asiatic jasmine in your house or the garden.
So, let’s dive into
Asiatic Jasmine plant
Its scientific name is “Trachelospermum asiaticum”, a species of plant in the family Apocynaceae.
Photo source: no-frills
As you can guess from its name the species is native to Asia with origin Korea and Japan.
This fast-growing evergreen vine is appreciated for its quick ability to cover a small patch of ground with a thick carpet of twining vines, even in shady areas.
It’s heat and salt-tolerant. This plant is called “Asian jasmine”. The people of Florida called it “minima jasmine” and often use it in their house as a cover.
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Quick Growing Guide
|Common Name||Asiatic jasmine, Star jasmine|
|Scientific Name||Trachelospermum asiaticum|
|Plant Type||Vine, perennial|
|Mature Size||18 inches tall,10 feet spread|
|Sun Exposure||full sun, part sun, full shade|
|Soil Type||Any, except waterlogged|
|Soil pH||5.5 to 7.0|
|Bloom Time||Spring, Summer|
|leaf Color||White, Dark green, variegated|
|Hardiness Zones||7b to 10|
|Native Area||Japan, Korea|
How Asiatic jasmine looks like
The plant has small, dark green leaves that are not edible by deer, therefore they spread wide and become denser over time.
The stem color of the plant is red-brown that crawls along the ground, trees, hanging baskets, or anything, even if you stand there for a long time. 😉
Photo source: no-frills
The minima jasmine has five-petal flowers that are small, white, and delicate but, if the weather is extremely hot, flowers won’t be visible. That’s why in Austin you hardly see Asian jasmine bloom.
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Growing condition for Asiatic jasmine
T. asiaticum is well developed in USDA Hardiness Zones 7b-10.
You can probably plant Asian jasmine in cooler regions but it would die in the winter season. obviously, who wants to plant ground cover that dies in winter.
Photo source: no-frills
This plant is very good if you want to quickly cover a wide area, especially a shaded area. However, there is a plant that may confuse you sometimes as it looks similar to minima jasmine.
T. jasminoides is also called Star jasmine or Confederate jasmine which looks identical to T. asianticum.
But, it’s more for vine and produces more amount of flowers under a variety of conditions, commonly used as an ornamental plant and houseplant.
Similar to Asian jasmine, they are also used in the garden, public landscapes, and parks as a climbing vine, a groundcover, and a fragrant potted plant on terraces and patios.
As its dense ground cover, it appeals to snakes searching for frogs, lizards, small rodents, etc. So, mow them in every 2-3 months.
Where Jasmine name come from
The word “jasmine” had been borrowed from the genus which includes about 200 species and vine in the olive family that are native to Eurasia and Oceania.
“Jasminum officinale “commonly known as “jasmine” is native to Iran and recognized for its beauty and fragrant flowers.
Photo source: no-frills
In books, T. asiaticum was firstly described in Western literature by German botanists Philipp Franz von Siebold and Joseph Gerhard Zuccarini in 1846, following von Siebold’s visit to Japan in 1823-1829.
The pair labeled the plant Malouetia Asiatica. Japanese botanist Takenoshin Nakai later reclassified the species according to modern taxonomic systems.
Asiatic jasmine Propagation
Propagation is the natural reproduction process of a plant species from its parent plant. As jasmine is a ground cover, it doesn’t propagate from seeds.
However, there are different methods of propagation that you will learn here.
So, keep reading
From cuttings in a container
- Cut 5-6 inches of stem from the tip of a vine shoot, it should be green and fresh.
- Using sharp shear, cut the bottom tip of the cutting to visible its white tissue. Keep cutting till you see fresh white tissue, do not use cuttings if it has dark-brown spots, it might not thrive.
- Take a small pot, fill it with a mixture of potting mix soil and damp sand for good drainage. the pot should have adequate drainage holes.
- Clear the leaves from the bottom half of the cutting, and dip the end in a powder rooting hormone.
- Dig a hole in the center of the pot by using a pencil or finger and embed the stem cutting.
- Water it thoroughly, till water starts falling from drainage holes.
- Cover the pot with a plastic bag to hold on to moisture and water it regularly to keep the soil moist.
- Place the pot where it receives indirect sunlight. Once cutting grows 5-6 inches taller with some leaves, transplant it to a large container or in the garden.
Alternatively, after dipping in the rooting hormone, you can keep your cutting into a glass of water. After a month, when the roots get developed, transplant into the container with proper potting soil or directly in the garden.
Instead of a small pot, you can plant the whole thing directly into the ground.
From seedlings or transplanting
- You can find small jasmine plugs in many nurseries, online, or borrow from your friends or neighbors.
- Dig a hole the same size as the container from which you’re transplanting.
- If you live where the climate is quite hot, then I recommend it’s better if you plant in the spring or fall season.
- In your garden, if you want an instant ground cover and budget is not an issue.
- Then you can buy lots of plants and space them about 8-10 inches in the ground but, if budget is a factor and you’re patient, then you can buy a few plants and space them 18 inches apart. This will take more months but eventually, empty space gets filled.
- In the beginning, you should water newly transplanted plants every 3-4 days, require more water to begin to get settled. After a month, water once a week for a couple of months. when they get mature it will spread without much care.
- To quickly cover your whole ground, if you already have a section. You can transplant the “1 square meter area” of the section to another part of the ground.
- To cut out squares of the plant use a very sharp shovel and dig up to 3 inches of the root.
- Cut the square without any adjustment so that the remaining jasmine covers the removed square.
- Transplant these sections to new areas where you want to grow jasmine cover.
- For better results, loosen the soil of the area where you are planning to transplant and water regularly until jasmine properly established.
Asiatic jasmine plant care
- Asiatic jasmine often germinates in groups of roots along the stem at leaf nodes.
- When it comes in contact with something it preserves as a source of nutrition such as ground, tree trunk, fence picket, etc.
- These new roots generally grow immediately or you can boost their development by burying a section of vine.
- You can also cut off the bit of the roots after they develop, and then plant them wherever you want.
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Grow Asiatic jasmine
T. Asiaticum can grow in a wide range of soil types as long as it is well-drained and has a pH level between 5.5 to 7.0. I have planted in rocky clay soil and it grows perfectly well.
You can boost the growth of the plant by adding a high percentage of organic content to the soil. Always plant in the area that gets full sun, partial sun, or partial shade.
Photo source: no-frills
Once this plant gets established, it’s drought tolerance. However, if planted in full sun you might see some wilting during the long dry spell.
This can be solved, by giving the plants a good shower. After that, they’ll perk back with no long-term ill effect.
I water my plants only in April and June when it’s extremely hot and dry.
You may Apply fertilizer, like “NPK 10-10-10 fertilizer” at the beginning of the active growing season. I personally never fertilize mine and they do very well.
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- Add organic content to the soil.
- Plant in full sun, partial sun, or partial shade.
- Shower the plant, when you see some wilt.
- Apply fertilizer in the spring, if you like.
- Prune occasionally to maintain its shape and size
How to trim Asiatic jasmine – pruning
As I mentioned that the only problem with them is no problem. However, mowing is the only maintenance that they require as it spreads wild. Asiatic jasmine problems when they get spread in large areas unevenly.
You just need a string trimmer to cut away. Of course, you can also use pruners but it can get boring if you have a large area of this plant.
Some gardeners even use a lawnmower to control this vine. Make sure that cutting implements are sharp so that the end of the vine is properly cut.
Tip: Cutting vine encourages plants to branch more, and eventually you’ll end up with a dense cover.
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4 methods of trimming
They can be invasive. But, with proper pruning, you can control their growth. Here I mentioned methods to trim Asiatic jasmine.
Use a Hand Trim
One option to keep Asiatic jasmine in shape is to directly cut off undesired lengths with hand pruners. I usually grab a handful and trim several times the vines that are displeased.
This tool enables you to make more accurate trimming choices. For bigger trimming, jobs you could also use hedge shears.
Use a String Trimmer
It’s better to use a string trimmer if they are spread in a large area.
- By using a string trimmer, you can either trim the edges of the patch or you can skim the trimmer over the top of the vine.
- Usually, You need to use a string trimmer across the top of the whole thing about once a year. To avoid the plant from growing too tall.
Use a Mower
Some gardeners nearly after every 2-3 years mow their patches of this plant:
- Especially, if they find lots of thick leafless woody bits under the top of the cover.
- The best time to do mowing is in late winter, just before the plants start their spring growth.
- When you use a Mower, the initial result will not look pretty.
- However, after 2-3 weeks of mowing the vine will be re-leaf and you will notice that the cover’s patches are looking better than ever.
How to get rid of ground cover
You should stub them by hands if they are long and spread in the vast area:
- Clear the area with your mower.
- Carefully and thoroughly dig out all the roots.
- For better results, a rototiller to move up the soil and make the roots more accessible.
It’s essential to get rid of every bit of the plant material because this plant has the potential to grow even from the small roots cutting.
- Use herbicide to get rid of or kill the Asiatic jasmine ground cover.
- Spray the herbicide on the leaves or the tiny roots of the vine in the daytime.
- If it still appears use herbicide made from broadleaf plants.
- keep the spray closer to the plant to prevent drift.
Some varieties of Asiatic jasmine
Most of the “T. asiaticum” present in the ground of Austin is often the generic, open-pollinated naturalized type. However, few crafty breeders have developed some interesting variety.
- T. asiaticum ‘HOSNS,’ also known as ‘Snow-N-Summer,’ is a variety developed by Monrovia.
Photo source: Garden Debut
The leaves of this cultivar are the first pink, then it turns into white, after that it matures to variegated (multicolored) white and green.
The cultivar also produces small, tubular, creamy yellow flowers that are fragrant.
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2) T. Asiaticum ‘Kiifu Chirimen’ from Japan, is a cultivar that is dwarf variegated Asian jasmine whose small leaves grow in copper-bronze and mature to pewter-silvery green.
3) T. Asiaticum ‘Gold Brocade’ or ‘Ojon Nishiki’ is another cultivar from Japan.
This plant also produces variegated leaves that come out in red and orange and then mature to gold and deep green. The fungus “Cercospora” is the only disease you may see with Asiatic jasmine leaf spots.
This produces individual tan or light brown spots with red-purple borders. Don’t worry, as the fungus is rarely a problem for Asiatic jasmine.
Did I Miss Anything?
Now I’d like to hear from you: which tip from today’s post are you going to try first?
Or maybe, I didn’t mention your favorite plant growing tip. Either way, let me know by leaving a comment below right now.
Before going if you want to grow beautiful flowers in your garden? Then click on these articles also.