How to grow and trim Asiatic jasmine

Asiatic jasmine is a fast-growing evergreen plant that is commonly used as ornamental and houseplant.

Jasmine plant perfumes the air in the springtime ideally from its fragrant flowers.

This plant is easy to grow with basic care. Some of its varieties make attractive additions to hanging planters.

In this post, I have written everything you need to know before growing Asian jasmine in your house or garden.

So, let’s dive into 

How Asiatic Jasmine looks like

Its scientific name is “Trachelospermum asiaticum”, a species of plant in the family Apocynaceae.

asiatic jasmine

Photo source: nofrills

As you can guess from its name the species is native to Asia with origin Korea and Japan.

This fast-growing evergreen vine is appreciated for its quick ability to cover a small patch of ground with a thick carpet of twining vines, even in shady areas.

It’s also tolerant of heat and cold. This plant is called “Asian jasmine”.

The people of Florida called it “minima jasmine” and often use it in their house as a cover.

Quick Growing Guide

Common NameAsiatic jasmine, Star jasmine
Scientific NameTrachelospermum asiaticum
Plant TypeVine, perennial
Mature Size18 inches tall,10 feet spread
Sun Exposurefull sun, part sun, full shade
Soil TypeAny, except waterlogged
Soil pH5.5 to 7.0
Bloom TimeSpring, Summer
leaf ColorWhite, Dark green, variegated
Hardiness Zones7b to 10
Native AreaJapan, korea

How Asiatic jasmine looks like

The plant has small, dark green leaves that are not edible by deer, therefore they spread wide and become more denser over the time.

The stems color of the plant is red-brown that crawls along the ground or anything, even if you stand there for a long time.

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Photo source: nofrills

The minima jasmine has five-petal flowers which are small, white, and delicate but, if the weather is extremely hot, flowers won’t be visible.

That’s why, in Austin you hardly see Asian jasmine bloom.

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Growing condition for Asiatic jasmine

T. asiaticum is well developed in USDA Hardiness Zones 7b-10.

You can probably plant Asian jasmine in cooler regions but it would die in the winter season. obviously, who wants to plant ground cover that dies in winter.

asiatic jasmine

Photo source: nofrills

This plant is very good if you want to quickly cover a wide area, especially a shaded area.

However, there is a plant that may confuse you sometimes as it looks similar to minima jasmine.

T. jasminoides is also called Star jasmine or Confederate jasmine which looks identical to T. asianticum.

But, it’s more for vine and produces more amount of flowers under a variety of conditions. They commonly use an ornamental plant and houseplant.

Alike to Asian jasmine, they are also used in the garden, public landscapes, and parks as a climbing vine, a groundcover, and a fragrant potted plant on terraces and patios.

As its dense groundcover, it also appeals to snakes searching for frogs, lizards, small rodents, etc. So, you should mow jasmine every 2-3 months.

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Where jasmine name come from

The word jasmine had been borrowed from the genes which include about 200 species and vine in the olive family that are native to Eurasia and Oceania.

Jasminum officinale commonly known as “jasmine” is native to Iran and recognized for its beauty and fragrant flowers.

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Photo source: nofrills

In books, T. asiaticum was firstly described in Western literature by German botanists Philipp Franz von Siebold and Joseph Gerhard Zuccarini in 1846, following von Siebold’s visit to Japan in 1823-1829.

The pair labeled the plant Malouetia Asiatica. Japanese botanist Takenoshin Nakai later reclassified the species according to modern taxonomic systems.

How to propagate Asian jasmine

Propagation is the natural reproduction process of a plant species from its parent plant. As jasmine is a ground cover, it doesn’t propagate from seeds.

However, there are different methods of propagation that you will learn here.

So, keep reading

From cuttings

  • Cut 6 inches from the tip of a vine shoot just below the leaf.
  • Fill a small pot with damp sand with good drainage.
  • Create a hole in the center of the pot by using a pencil.
  • Clear the leaves from the bottom half of the cutting, and dip the end in a powder rooting hormone.
  • Put the cutting into the hole in the sand and water well. 
  • Cover the pot with a plastic bag to hold on to moisture and water it every day.
  • Place the pot outside in an area that is largely shaded.

Alternately, after dipping in the rooting hormone, you can keep your cutting into a glass of water.

After a month, when the roots get developed, transplant into the small container with potting soil. 

Instead of peat pot, you can transplant the whole thing into the ground when the root cuttings are ready.

From seedlings or transplants

  • Buy jasmine: You can find small jasmine pugs at many nursery or online.
  • Simply dig a hole about the same size as the container from which you have transplanted the jasmine and water regularly.
  • If you live where the climate is quite hot, then I recommend it’s better if you plant in the spring or fall season.
  • In your garden, if you want an instant ground cover and budget is not an issue.
  • Then you can buy lots of plants and space them about 8-10 inches in the ground but, if budget is a factor and you’re patient, then you can buy a few plants and space them 18 inches apart.
  • In the beginning, you should water newly transplanted plants every 3-4 days, and after a month once a week for a couple of months.
  • To quickly cover your whole ground, if you already have a section. You can transplant the “1 square meter area” of the section to another part of the ground.
  • To cut out squares of the plant use a very sharp shovel and dig up to 3 inches of the root.
  • Cut the square without any adjustment so that the remaining jasmine covers the removed square.
  • Transplant these sections to new areas where you want to grow jasmine cover.
  • For better results, loosen the soil of the area where you are planning to transplant and water regularly until jasmine properly established.

How to Care for Asiatic jasmine

  • Asian jasmine often germinates in groups of roots along the stem at leaf nodes.
  • When it comes in contact with something it preserves as a source of nutrition such as ground, tree trunk, fence picket, etc.
  • These new roots generally grow immediately or you can boost their development by burying a section of vine.
  • You can also cut off the bit of the roots after they develop, and then plant them wherever you want.

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How to grow Asiatic jasmine 

T. asiaticum can grow in a wide range of soil types as long as it is well-drained and has a pH level between 5.5 to 7.0. I have planted in rocky clay soil and it grows perfectly well.

You can boost the growth of the plant by adding a high percentage of organic content to the soil. Always plant in the area that gets full sun, part sun, and full shade.

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Photo source: nofrills

Once this plant gets established, it’s totally drought tolerance. However, if planted in full sun you might see some wilting during the long dry spell.

This can be solved, by giving the plants a good shower. After that, they’ll perk back with no long-term ill effect.

I water my plants only in April and June, when it’s extremely hot and dry. 

You may Apply fertilizer, like “NPK 10-10-10 fertilizer” at the beginning of the active growing season. I personally never fertilize mine and they do very well.

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Growing tips

  • Add organic content to the soil.
  • Plant in full sun, part sun, or full shade.
  • Shower the plant, when you see some wilt.
  • Apply fertilizer in the spring, if you like 

How to trim Asiatic jasmine – Pruning

As I mentioned that the only problem with them is no problem.  However, mowing is the only maintenance that they require as it spreads wild.

You just need a string trimmer to cut away. Of course, you can also use pruners but it can get boring if you have a large area of this plant.

Some gardeners even use a lawn mower to maintain this vine.

Make sure that cutting implements are sharp so that the end of the vine is properly cut.

Tip: Cutting vine encourages plants to branch more, and eventually you’ll end up with a dense cover.

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4 methods of trimming 

They can be invasive. But, with proper pruning you can control their grow. Here I mentioned method to trim Asian jasmine

Use a Hand Trim 

One option to keep asian jasmine in shape is to directly cut off undesired lengths with hand pruners.

I usually grab a handful and trim several times the vines that are displeasure. 

This tool enables you to make more accurate trimming choices. For bigger trimming, jobs you could also use hedge shears.

Use a String Trimmer

It’s better to use a string trimmer, if they are spread in large area.

  • By using a string trimmer, you can either trim the edges of the patch or you can skim the trimmer over the top of the vine.
  • Usually, You need to use a string trimmer across the top of the whole thing about once a year. To avoid the plant from growing too tall.

Use a Mower

Some gardeners nearly after every 2-3 years mow their patches of this plant:

  • Especially, if they find lots of thick leafless woody bits under the top of the cover.
  • The best time to do mowing is in late winter, just before the plants start their spring growth.
  • When you use a Mower, the initial result will not look pretty.
  • However, after 2-3 weeks of mowing the vine will be re-leaf and you will notice that the cover’s patches are looking better than ever. 

How to get rid of ground cover

You should stub them by hands, if they are long and spread in vast area:

  • Clear the area with your mower.
  • Carefully and thoroughly dig out all the roots.
  • For better results, a rototiller to move up the soil and make the roots more accessible.

It’s essential to get rid of every bit of the plant material because this plant has the potential to grow even from the small roots cutting.

  • Use herbicide to get rid of or kill the Asian jasmine ground cover.
  • Spray the herbicide on the leaves or the tiny roots of the vine in the day time.
  • If it still appears use herbicide made from broadleaf plants.
  • keep the spray closer to the plant to prevent drift.

Some varieties of Asiantic jasmine

Most of the T. asiaticum present in the ground of Austin is often the generic, open-pollinated naturalized type.

However, there are few crafty breeders who have developed some interesting variety.

For example,

  1. T. asiaticum ‘HOSNS,’ also known as ‘Snow-N-Summer,’ is a variety developed by Monrovia.

Snow-N-summer Asian Jasmine

Photo source: Garden Debut

The leaves of this cultivar are the first pink, then it turns into white, after that it matures to variegated (multicolored) white and green.

The cultivar also produces small, tubular, creamy yellow flowers that are fragrant.

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2) T. asiaticum ‘Kiifu Chirimen’ from Japan, is a cultivar that is dwarf variegated Asian jasmine whose small leaves grow in copper-bronze color and mature to pewter-silvery green.

3) T. asiaticum ‘Gold Brocade’ or ‘Ojon Nishiki’ is another cultivar from Japan.

This plant also produces variegated leaves that come out in red and orange, and then matures to gold and deep green. 

The fungus Cercospora is the only disease you may see with Asian jasmine leaf spot.

This produces individual tan or light brown spots with red-purple borders. Don’t worry, as the fungus is rarely a problem for Asiatic jasmine.

Finally

You should definitely give a try to plant. Have you found this post informative?

Tell me in the comment box.

P.S. I myself reply to every comment

Also read

25 Best Perennial Fall Flowers for the beautiful garden

8 Best perennial Herb to grow in the container

14 perennial plants That make your garden Beautiful.

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