How to grow Calamint in the pot indoor

Calamint herb enlivens the garden with its decent scent, lovely flowers, and leaves properties.

They have little flowers and intense leaf texture that attracts beautiful butterflies and bees.

The leaves of the herb spread camphor scent in the air when they get crushed.

With that, a question comes into the mind, Can you grow calamint easy in your garden?

Well, Calamint easily thrives in full sun with well drained soil. This hardy herb is a native plant of Uk and refers to USDA plant hardiness zone 5-9.

Let’s know more about Calamint…

What does calamint look like 

Before discussing how to grow calamint.

Let’s know a few things about them.

Calamint in bloom

Source: Photos from the Haven

  • The herb has a thick-stemmed, bushy shrub-like most of the mint plants.
  • Its leaves have an intense texture with many spotted ridges and hairy or fuzzy foliage.
  • Calamint bloom in mid to late summer and a few varieties flowering in the fall and grow 4-24 inches in height.
  • The flowers are tube-like in shape and color ranges from purple, red, white, and cream.
  • This plant self-sown and shows invasive qualities.

Varieties of calamint

Depending upon its variety Calamint is found in different shapes, sizes, and colors.

Here I’ll describe some of the Calamintha varieties that grow well in different parts of the United States.

假荊芥新風輪菜 Calamintha nepeta  [香港北區花鳥蟲魚展 North District Flower Show, Hong Kong]

Source: KHQ Flower Guide

C. coccinea

C.coccinea is native to sandy areas of the southeast Gulf coast and florida.

This variety is also known as red basil, red mint shrub, red savory, southern calamint, scarlet balm, scarlet wild basil, and scarlet calamint.

It is a highly drought tolerant shrub that has curly stem and red flowers.

The flowers of the red mint shrub attract butterflies, hummingbirds and bees.

C. NEPETA

C. nepeta is a native to southern Europe and Great Britain, commonly known as lesser calamint and field balm.

Lesser calamint thrives well in many American gardens and is referred to as a weed by Virginia tech.

This variety mostly in lime heavy soil grows small light blue to purple flowers.

This medical herb is sometimes cultivated for treatment of gastrointestinal disorders, depression, insomnia, and painful menses.

You’ll buy seeds in Amazon

C. SYLVATICA

C. sylvatica is commonly known as common calamint and woodlands calamint botanically referred to as C.baetica, C. Officinalis, or C. ascendens.

Its leaves are used in making tea with a flavor similar to a mix of mint and marjoram.

Woodlands calamint grow low and produce lavender flowers.

This herb is also used for medical purposes similar to C. nepeta.

C. GRANDIFLORA

C. Grandiflora is nicknamed as “large-flowered calamint”, it produces relatively attractive large pink flowers.

This variety smells like a mixture of pineapple, catnip, thyme, and pennyroyal.

Its variegated version grows well in partial shade, while soil colored type does well in full sun.

How to grow calamint 

Herb plants are easy to grow or I say once you plant them they grow themself.

But there are a few things you should keep in mind before planting any herb.

Calamintha sylvatica La Gomera Jan 2015

Calamintha sylvatica is often called woodland calamint. Source: Aidehua2013

Let’s discuss them one-by-one, 

Grow in the container

Growing herbs planted in a container or a pot is a good way to deal with them.

In a container when plants are grown, they don’t spread much and need low maintenance.

Calamint or any other herb plant are grown for their leaves, planting in a pot provides you enough leaves.

They grow invasively, if you plant them directly in the garden, after a few months they invade other plants and occupy a large area.

Related post: 8 Best perennial Herb to grow in the container

How to Transplant calamint

Herbs get easily transplanted. Growing calamint from seed needs lots of time and effort.

So, buy a small calamint plant from a nearby nursery and transplant in a container or a pot.

  • Take a large container or a pot, that has a drain hole in the bottom, to flow extra water.
  • Put some small rock in the bottom of the container, to provide a proper water and air circulation system for the plant.
  • Fill some soil in the container. Always use rich compost soil for gardening, they have required nutrients.

Water

  • Water the soil and put plants on it.
  • Then fill soil around the base of the plant so that roots are not visible. 
  • Pour water to moist soil. Always water plants from its base.
  • Watering from the top of the plant or from the foliage might attract bacteria.
  • Calamint doesn’t need much water. Water only when the soil gets dried.

Prune calamint

Calamint grows well so sometimes it’s considered as weed.

Occasionally trimming your plant makes them look neat and clean.

Growing herb plants means to produce quality foliage. Calamint self-seed easily.

Calamint

From whites and lavenders to pinks, Calamintha produces stunning blooms. Source: mtsvancouver2

So, most gardeners deadhead flowers before they release seeds, the plant uses most of its energy in growing flowers instead of leaves.

But having a few flowers in the plant is essential. The flowers start seeding in September.

So, deadhead earlier flowers encourage foliage, and in the second round let some flowers grow.

If flowers are not growing then trim some green, to redirect energy to flowers. These tricks pick your calamint to look constructive and balanced.

Related post: How to grow Mexican oregano plant (Easily)

Troubleshooting

This herb not only needs less maintenance but even pest resistance.

Sometimes only a few minor threats bother them.

Calamint

The tubular blooms of Calamintha entice beneficial pollinators. Source: Melanie EL

Let’s see them.

Growing problems

One of the common complaints about this plant is that it reseeds quickly.

Unless you want to grow these mint mighty.

To control their growth you have to prune the flowers before producing seeds or take measures to prevent rooting such as landscape fabric.

You can also try some of its hybrids such as C. nepeta ‘Montrose White’ that don’t face these problems.

In the hot or humid summer the foliage often loses their vigon in the sun.

To prevent this, place your plant where it gets afternoon shade. Also, avoid overwatering, it makes things more humid.

Pest

As I said earlier this plant is pest-resistant but whitefly consistently reported to bother calamint.

To get rid from these whiteflies

  • Sprinkle water on the plant, usually wash the insects away.
  • Use insecticidal soap for heavier infestations. 
  • Periodically apply natural neem oil to prevent flies from settling on the plant.

Disease

Powdery mildew is a fungal growth that looks like white powder.

They spot in the leaves and turn their color to first yellow and then brown. This fungus stunts the growth of the plant and prevents flowers from growing.

Usually this fungal thrives at the end of the growing season, keep eyes on the plant.

This white dusty fungus can quickly spread to the whole plant. To prevent them apply neem oil or heavily diluted vinegar (on occasion).

If fungal is already grown then treat them with potassium bicarbonate, sulfur spray, or copper fungicide. 

If fungal is already grown then treat them with potassium bicarbonate, sulfur spray, or copper fungicide. 

Thank you for reading, you can also read relatable post

10 Best Vegetables to Grow for Beginner Gardening

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