The tree thrives best in Mediterranean climates with warm, dry summers and mild, wet winters. They are well suited to places like California and the East Coast.
When to plant an Almond tree?
Almond trees require hot and dry conditions and enjoy long summer with hot, dry, and sunny weather. They grow well in hardiness zones between 7 to 9. You can start planting somewhere in the middle of March.
The correct temperature might flourish or slow down the growth of the tree.
The optimal heat for their growth is between 15 and 30 °C (59 and 86 °F) and the tree buds have a chilling need of 200 to 700 hours below 7.2 °C (45.0 °F) to break dormancy (the state in which a plant is alive but not growing).
Almonds are particularly intolerant of wet soil and frost and are well suited to places like California and the East Coast.
As I earlier mentioned almond plants are sensitive souls.
They can be damaged by different organisms, including:
They particularly suffer from soil-borne diseases, such as the fungal disease Verticillium wilt. This causes lots of damage to the tree and a huge loss of economy for commercial growers around the world.
The disease can be avoided by using a grafted specimen with a hardy rootstock of peach or bitter almond.
Remember: Not to over irrigate because it makes a favorable condition for the growth of verticillium. You can invest in Soaker hoses.
Fungal infections can also cause hull rot and there are mitigation techniques for this condition.
These trees often suffer from a bacterial disease called “crown gall”.
This gets into the tree by cuts. Do not damage the tree and if pruning, always cut the branches with a clean and disinfected tool.
They also have issues with mites, such as the brown mite and the red European mite, which harm the tree out and cause damage to its leaves.
These mites can be controlled by:
An oil spray during the tree’s dormant period.
Introducing natural predators such as the Western predatory mite.
Effective pesticides present against mites including some pyrethroids.
Varieties and Cultivars you can buy
When you buy a good almond tree, the most important thing to look for is, in which condition you grow and in which hardiness region you live.
Make sure to buy sweet almonds instead of bitter ones if you want to eat nuts.
You can buy standard almonds like Carmel (well-protected nuts and excellent pollenizer) and Mission which is very productive but it takes time to bloom.
However, if you have tight space like home orchards, I recommend the best variety of All-in-one which grows about half the size of a standard tree.
The All-in-one is an exceptional self-pollinating cultivar, it doesn’t need any helping hand in making fruits and adds value in a small space garden.
The fruit from this tree is considered a soft-shelled nut and ripens in late September or early October.
The Hall’s Hardy is also a good variety. This cultivar is planted for beautiful pink bloom and its nuts.
It is a full-size almond tree which is better for cross-pollination, so be sure to plant another variety nearby for a good harvest, and it generally ripens in October.
Hall’s Hardy is a cold-tolerant variety, they are planted in marginal places such as USDA hardiness zones 5-9. They need a bit of chill weather to produce fruits.
Hey! I'm Madhuresh, a passionate content creator, and a Plant lover. I created Shiny Plant to explore and learn about new plants. The purpose is to provide simple and effective Gardening Tips. Hope you'll find this informative.