So, you want to grow Foxgloves in your garden or landscape that attracts people’s attention and spreads positivity in the air right…
Good, without any delay let’s get started because in this article you’re about to learn how to grow foxgloves, where, and why not to grow Foxgloves in your house space.
So, keep reading
If you have never grown a plant then this article is especially for you as I have started with basic.
But, for ‘experienced’ gardeners there are also some good tips that will help you to grow Foxgloves effortlessly.
What do Foxgloves look like
Before planting this plant in your garden, you should know a few facts about them.
‘Digitalis’ is commonly known as Foxgloves, they are native to Europe, Central Asia, and northwestern Africa. Most of their varieties are biennials that only live for two years but some varieties are also perennial.
They are popular cottage garden flowers that look great when grown along the border or in the garden bed with small flowers in front.
Foxglove’s flowers grow on a tall spike, with a cluster of tubular-shaped flowers in different shades like purple, pink, white, and yellow.
Their leaves are green in color and grow about 10 inches long.
Photo source: Marie Hale
They grow in the hardiness zone of 4 to 10.
Depending on the variety, this plant species can grow up to 2 – 6 feet tall and spread at least 1 foot wide in all directions around the plant.
Some popular companion plants for these plants are Snapdragons, Phlox, Zinnia, Lobelia, Cornflower, and Dianthus.
Related post: Best annual plants to grow in the house
Do most people ask whether they can grow Foxgloves indoors?
The answer: It depends on its variety. Some of its varieties can grow up to 6 feet tall so it’s better to grow them outdoors however you can grow small varieties of the Foxgloves indoors.
Related Post: Best Foxglove Varieties For Garden
Quick Growing Guide
|Life span||2 years|
|Mature Size||6 feet|
|Sun Exposure||full-sunlight and light shade|
|Soil Type||Average and well-drained|
|Soil pH||5.5 to 6.0|
|Bloom Time||late spring to late summer|
|Flower Color||Yellow, white, purple, pink, or red|
|Hardiness Zones||8 to 10|
|Native Area||Eastern and central North America|
Before planting any plant, one thing you should keep in mind is that your plant should get enough light, and space, and have friendly soil.
Foxgloves thrive well in acidic, well-drained soil but they can also produce beautiful blooms if planted in clay soil mixed with some good quality organic compost.
When planting them you should maintain a distance of at least 1 foot around each plant as they spread a lot.
Photo source: Robert
With that some of its varieties that grow taller need stake to support them in high winds.
This plant grows well in full sun in the frost but when the climate is warm they need shade from the hot afternoon sun.
Important Note: Foxgloves plants are poisonous, so if you have pets (dogs) and small children it’s not suitable to plant them in your garden or you need to be careful.
Also, when working with them you should always wear gloves as the foliage of the plant can cause problems such as skin and eye irritation.
Don’t worry they won’t kill you.
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Grow from seeds
Because of its toxicity, wear gloves while handling any part including seeds, and wash your hand properly after planting.
When you plant the foxgloves seeds, press seeds into the soil instead of covering them because they need sunlight to germinate properly in the beginning.
You can also grow the plant seeds in the pot first, and later when they thrive slightly big you can transplant them in your garden.
Usually, the seeds of this plant species germinate in 20-30 days.
After the germination of the seeds, if you like to grow more plants in the same spot you can simply shake the plant and the seed will fall to the ground.
After a few weeks, you will see more small foxgloves grown around the plant.
Also if you want to grow them in other parts of your garden, you can cut off one flower from the plant and carefully take it to the spot and sprinkle seeds on the top of the soil.
The Foxgloves plant that grows from seeds takes almost 2 years to bloom. Perennial Foxgloves can be grown from propagation or from the offshoot that grows from the base of the plant.
Foxgloves often reseed them. The plant that appears after two years of the life cycle is the seedling of the parent plant.
Related Post: How to grow Marigold from dried flowers
Care for foxgloves
- After planting a plant one should look from time to time whether they’re growing well or not. There are a few acts you can do to care for them.
- You can deadhead foxgloves to encourage more flowers in the plant.
- This plant is not drought tolerant, so you have to water them regularly in hot, dry weather, especially when they are young and not established.
- If the weather is extremely hot, you can use a mulch to cover the ground around the plant so that it can help to conserve moisture.
- For growing more flowers, you can apply a balanced fertilizer once a month during the growing season.
- Fact: This plant is grown commercially to produce medicine that is used to treat certain heart conditions such as congestive heart failure and heart rhythm problems.
You can grow foxgloves in both full sun and partial shade. Usually, they like to grow in full sun, but it depends upon climate conditions, too much sunlight may fade their bloom color.
Plant them where they get at least 6 hours of direct sunlight. If you live in the south, give it some shade from afternoon sunlight. In the north, you can plant them anywhere from full sun to partial shade, although it better perform in partial sun.
Plant in rich soil that had good drainage with a pH level under 6.0.
Foxglove is susceptible to crown root, so provides good drainage. Water only when the upper surface looks dry. Avoid wetting flowers, leaves, and stems of the plant, wet parts for too long will increase fungal diseases.
Temperature and humidity
Foxglove plants grow well in cold temperatures and can be wilt if temperatures are over 90 degrees Fahrenheit. They do not have humidity requirements. Their seeds germinate when the temperature is between 70 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Provide them with good air circulation by providing sufficient spacing.
To protect foxgloves from winter apply 3 inches of mulch around its base if you live in borderline zone 4. In the spring add an extra layer of compost to encourage growth.
Do not add excessive nitrogen-rich fertilizer to the plant, it can harm the flower’s growth. Add one handful of slow-release 5-10-5 fertilizer in the early spring.
Sprinkle fertilizer around the plant and water thoroughly to help it settle. Avoid fertilizer to touch foliage, it can burn the plant.
Related Post: How to grow zinnias in pots: (prune and care in detail)
Prune Foxgloves after blooming
Pruning is essential if you want to keep your plant attractive and tidy, which enhances new growth. Foxgloves in some areas are invasive.
Caution: You should always wear gloves while working with foxgloves as they may cause skin irritation.
The flowering can last up to 4 weeks in the growing season and can develop many stalks especially if stalks are removed before the plant starts to produce seeds.
Firstly, remove flower stalks after 3-4 months of flower fades.
Photo source: David Prasad
Then cut base foliage (leave collection) with the help of a pair of hand clippers.
If you see any unsightly parts in the plant cut it off and throw it in trust so that it cannot spread in the whole plant.
Also cut off the remaining stem, one-third, or half of the total height of the plant to make them compact and attractive, it also increases plant growth for the rest of the growing season.
After the winter season, yellow or brown color foliage should be collected and thrown so that it does not bother pets or anyone.
Pests and diseases
Care of plants also includes keeping them free from pests and diseases for that
You have to maintain enough space between plants for proper air circulation otherwise Foxgloves can be affected by powdery mildew and leaf spot.
To avoid fungal disease, it’s best to water them at their base rather than the top of the plant.
Photo source: Cathy Andersen
This plant is also affected by snails and aphids. So, if you see any spot or mildew instantly cut that part off from the plant.
With that, any dried or diseased leaves should be plucked and thrown in the trust.
Did I Miss Anything?
Now I’d like to hear from you: which tip from today’s post are you going to try first?
Or maybe, I didn’t mention your favorite plant growing tip. Either way, let me know by leaving a comment below right now.
Is Foxglove poison?
Foxglove’s flowers, stems, and leaves are poisonous to both humans and pets when ingested. It is not recommended to plant them if you have small kids or pets.
Ingestion of foxgloves can cause health issues including gastric upset, labored breathing, and cardiac abnormality.
Foxglove poison can also cause skin irritation when coming in contact with bare skin, always use gloves while handling them. If anyone accidentally ingested foxgloves, humans or pets immediately take him/her to the doctor.
Mostly, it is not so dangerous to plant them, if you live with mature humans who don’t like to swallow any random plant.
Foxglove contains natural chemicals called cardiac glycosides such as digitoxin, digoxin, and digitalin. Foxgloves are the source of medication known as digitalis.
‘Summer King’ D. x mertonensis: It has strawberry foxglove, this is a hybrid plant of D.grandiflora and D.purpurea with a very large, coppery-pink blossom.
‘Candy Mountain‘: it has bright and rosy pink flowers, this variety faces upwards rather than nodding down.
‘Sunset’ D. obscure: this variety is also called willow-leaves foxglove, which has orange flowers and is native to Spain and Africa.
‘Goldcrest‘: this variety has yellow-peach bloom and lance-shaped dark green leaves.