Marigolds are the first choice of any gardener. If you visit any garden you will definitely see them. They have big vibrant blooms that spread joy in the surrounding.
Most of their varieties are annual. But they look perennial as the plant comes every year. You just need to store their seeds.
In this post I have explained how to grow marigold from dried flowers with basic care.
Follow the steps, I guarantee you will be able to grow a bright and cheerful plant by yourself.
So, let’s get started:
Tagetes is the scientific name of marigold. This annual flowering plant is native to Mexico.
They display radiant spays of multi-colored brass, copper, and gold flowers head throughout the summer season.
This plant comes in a wide variety with different shapes, sizes, and colors. The flowers look like tightly packed ball-like clusters.
If you are wondering how big the flowers grow then it depends upon the variety and condition of the plant.
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Why you should grow them in the garden
You can use it’s flowers to make salads. All marigold flowers are edible but a few are tasty.
The varieties that has best flavor are:
- Tagetes patula (French)
- Tagetes tenuifolia (Gem)
- Tagetes lucida (Mexican mint)
Many serious gardeners will recommend you to grow them as a companion plant with vegetables.
This is because the natural scent of this plant works as a repellent to many insects and some animals for your garden. It keeps the insect population down.
The plant also produces a substance called alpha-terthienyl that helps to get rid of root-knot nematodes.
It kills harmful microscopic nematodes and various pests for many years.
Planting them with your beloved vegetables will also protect them from rabbits and deers.
The French marigolds are planted to get rid of harmful nematodes by planting as crop cover.
However, this doesn’t mean that they are immune to all pests and diseases.
They are mostly attacked by white & green aphids on plants and sap-sucking spider mites.
You can fix this by spraying a combination of water and insecticidal soap or neem pesticide spray oil in the plant. Spray once in a week until pests are not gone.
Slugs can also find Marigold attractive in the wet season but there is not much to fix this problem.
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How to dry marigold flowers for seeds
You can save these dry flower seeds to regrow the plant in next season.
Just follow these simple steps:
- Cut all dry flowers from the plant. Don’t cut flowers that look cheerful.
- Place them in direct sunlight for 2-3 days on a paper to dry. You can also place in shade for 4-5 days.
- After they get dried the seeds are to be stored.
- Put them in an airtight container. To resist moisture.
- Add turmeric in the container, it is antibacterial.
How to germinate marigold seeds
Growing them from seeds is very easy. I recommend first grow in a pot or container and then transplant in the garden.
In a container taking care of plants is easy and there is no danger of any pest.
Follow these steps:
- Take a small pot or container that has an adequate drainage hole in the bottom.
- Put plenty of stones or rocks at the bottom of the container. For better air circulation and flow of excessive water.
- Fill half the pot with potting mix soil. They don’t need specific soil but potting mix soil is considered for good gardening.
- Pour some water to moist the soil. Use the spray to sprinkle water.
- You can also add some organic matter like tea bags and banana peels to the soil.
- Cover them with ¼ soil. After someday they compose and provide essential nutrition to the plant.
- Take a pencil and make a hole about 2-3 inches deep.
- Put 2-3 fresh seeds in the hole.
- Slightly, cover the hole with the soil. Don’t sow seeds too deep.
- Pour some water around the hole to make it moist.
- Place the pot or container in a spot where it gets full sunlight (At least 6-8 hours)
- After 14 days, the seeds start germinating.
- Wait till sprouts germinate about 4-5 inches long.
Now you can transplant the seedlings in your garden. You can continue growing them in the pot but after a few months they get a stunt.
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How to transplant
Transplanting is important if you want to enjoy their bloom for a longer time.
In an open area, the roots can spread freely which results in big and bright bloom.
- Dig a 4-5 inches deep hole in the ground with the help of a gardening tool.
- Toss off the seedling from the pot and sow them in the ground.
- Pinch off leaves from below half of the seedling. The roots also grow from the bottom part of the seedling.
- Sow the seeding half inside the hole. This will result in strong roots.
- Spray water around the seedling. Avoid watering from the top.
- Always plant them in a spot where they get plenty of heat and sunlight.
- After a few weeks, you will see 2-3 stem nodes that have grown.
- Pinch off the middle stem node to encourage growing more.
- After plenty of days, you will notice several nodes have grown.
Now you have to take basic care of the plant. Below I have mentioned in detail.
How to take care of Marigolds
- This plant species grows with no fuss. They only add bright and beautiful colors to your life.
- You can plant them anytime between summer and the first frost of autumn. In this period the bloom is extremely bright and cheerful.
- They thrive in all USDA zones around the United States due to their resilient quality.
- Plant them in the spring season after the danger of frost passes.
- You can plant them anywhere with little or no care.
- The best place to grow is where they get plenty of heat and sunlight.
- They can literally thrive in poor soil conditions.
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- They are native to warm and heat climates and do well in bright sunny areas with moderately rich soil.
- The plant only shows signs of stress only when the weather is restlessly hot, humid, or dry.
- Though they are capable of thriving in the partial shade they never show bright bloom in these areas. The flowers are short in size and look weak.
- When grown in the shade they can also be susceptible to powdery mildew and host or roots that affect the growth of bloom and stem.
- If you have planted them in the pot or container. Then move them in cover in the hot and dry summer. This isn’t important but the plant feels happy.
- The hot and dry season keeps an eye on the plant. These plants are susceptible to spider mites. Little web-like buildups indicate their presence.
- First time when planting the plant you should water them thoroughly.
- The new plant needs more water to have a good start and it helps them to settle in a new place.
- The well-established plants don’t need much water. Unless the weather is too hot and humid.
- You can water them once a week or water them when the soil gets dry.
- Rainfall is often enough for these tough plants.
- Similar to other plants this plant also doesn’t like to overwater.
- Overwatering often causes root rots that damage the overall health of the plant.
- In the garden overwatering isn’t a problem as the water deep down. But, if you are growing them in pots.
- Water them only when the upper soil of the pot looks dry.
- If you see the leaves start dropping, then they need to drink.
- Avoid water from the bloom of the plant. If the bloom gets too wet then they often get turned into a mushy brown mess.
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How to prune marigolds
Marigold doesn’t need intense pruning but deadhead actually aids in plant blooming and suppresses the seedling process.
How to deadhead marigolds
Deadhead dry flowers or buds in the plant. These dry flowers look dead but they keep sucking energy from the plant.
Snip them from your fingertip to redirect the plant’s energy to grow new bloom. This will make your plant look neat and happy.
Now in the next growing season, you can use these seeds to regrow the plant.
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