Mexican petunias are evergreen flowering plants.
They are referred to as flower factories cause they produce lots of flowers.
Flowers are mainly available in three colors white, pink and purple.
Growing these plants is extremely easy. If you plant them somewhere and forget then also they will manage to grow.
In this article, you will learn about how to grow and care for Mexican petunias.
So, let’s start:
How do mexican petunia looks like
They have long, strip-like leaves that are green in color. Flowers are trumpet-shaped with five petals. Just like daylilies, the life of their flowers is only for one day.
You will be able to see a clump of blooms in the early morning which will fade till afternoon.
However this cycle repeats everyday, meaning they bloom and fade regularly.
Flowers start coming from early spring and keep coming till winter.
They are very hardy perennial, once planted they keep growing for years. Makes them one of the easy growing flowering plants.
When to plant
Plant them after the frost or in the fall (a few weeks before frost). In frost, they go dormant.
Do they grow in water
Mexican petunias grow easily in any kind of soil but they do not grow in water.
Where to plant
You can plant anywhere, they are hardy plants that can survive in any condition.
If you are growing in the pot, place it in the spot where they get direct sunlight.
Do not relocate the pot frequently, they bloom in the direction of sunlight by replacing you may disturb their blooming process.
How to grow in pots
They can be grown by division or seeds. You can choose any method, they grow very rapidly if you plant them at the right time. Plus they do not need extra caring.
In fact, Mexican petunias are invasive, if not monitored they can spread all around the garden.
To grow in pot:
- Take a medium-sized pot around 11 inches wide. The roots like to spread in deep so it is always better to have a wide and deep pot.
- Make sure that the pot has adequate drainage holes, good drainage is a must for healthy growth.
- Sow 2-3 seeds in the center of the pot. Do not need to sow seeds too deep, just press seeds against the soil.
- Spray water to keep the soil moist, this plant requires more water as they bloom regularly.
- Seeds take nearly 14 days to germinate, keep patience and let them get established.
- Do not change the place of the pots frequently, it might disturb their growth cycle.
Propagation from division
Division is an easy and fast method to grow multiple child plants.
For division take stem cutting. You can cut any node branch, do not tear or crush stem. It might leave permanent damage.
Clear all the buds and flowers from the stem cutting. Also pluck all leaves from the bottom half of the plant.
Dip the bottom end of stem cutting in the soil and make it stand in the soil.
You may dip in root hormones however this is totally optional, plants also thrive without any supplement.
Spray water to make soil moist and leave it alone.
After a couple of weeks, the stem cutting will get established. They generally self grow and do not need to care much.
How to care for Mexican petunia
This flowering plant does not need special care. However, there are some conditions that are beneficial for their growth.
Mexican petunias are sun-loving plants, the more they receive sunlight the more they produce blooms.
Their petals open in the direction from where sunlight is coming so do not change their spot.
They can withstand in the shade spot but will produce fewer flowers and might get wilt.
The color of flowers and stem will vary depending upon light condition- if planted in a more lighted area, more bright and shiny flowers will produce.
Stems are more purple in light condition and solid green in shadier areas.
They are drought tolerant and survive if watered occasionally in a dry climate. However, for regular bloom, you have to keep the soil moist.
Their roots are tender so do not add much water, adding excess water might melt their roots.
When watering always pour or spray water directly in the base, avoid wetting their flowers and stems. Its wet parts attract fungal diseases.
Mexican petunia can grow in different types of soil, but they preferred to be planted in well-drained, fertile soil.
They grow and spread quickly in marshy soil, the soil which is found near lakes and rivers.
Then it comes about pH level, they can grow in alkaline soil type but most preferably in neutral or slightly acidic soil.
Temperature and humidity
If you live in a cold region then you may not be able to enjoy their beauty.
These flowers do not thrive in cold or low-temperature climates but they can grow in summer and can behave like an annual plant.
Grow best in dry or desert conditions but may also grow in humid climates.
Pruning encourages more bloom since new flowers grow every day. You can pluck flowers that get wilt.
Mexican petunias produce flowers in the morning which get dry till evening, this is a continuous cycle. Pluck wilted flowers, so that new buds can grow.
They do not grow much taller just 3-4 feet high. So you do not need any ladder to prune them.
Mexican petunias are very invasive, if you have planted them in the garden you have to monitor them occasionally, else they can cover the whole garden.
You can control their growth by pruning, if you want to get rid of or remove small unwanted successors then just pull them out from the soil.
It is not mandatory to add fertilizer in Mexican petunia plants, generally, they are self-grown and do not need any supplement.
However you may feed them with fertilizer in growing months.
You can use a garden rake to mix in fertilizer of choice into the top two inches of the soil of surrounding plants.
If you are planting Mexican petunia for the first time, you can add organic compost or manure to the soil. This will help to boost the plant’s growth and produce a lot of flowers.
When to transplant
If you have planted in pots they may need to be repotted more frequently than other plants.
As they are fast-growing shrubs. They grow well as long as planted in sunnier spots.
How to winterize
Overwintering Mexican petunia is very easy, though they are perennial plants they do not produce flowers in the winter and like to go dormant.
If you have planted in the pot you can conserve the plant simply by placing the pot in a dark room or where light is less.
After some days they will go dormant, you can bring them out in the next spring and they will start growing normally.